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面试最后一问玄机:你还有什么问题要问我的吗?

架构师小跟班 2019-10-23职场达人
反向面试下面列表里的问题对于参加技术面试的人来说可能有些用。 列表里的问题并不一定适用于某个特定的职位或者工作类型, 也没有排序 最开始的时候这只是我自己的问题列表

反向面试

下面列表里的问题对于参加技术面试的人来说可能有些用。 列表里的问题并不一定适用于某个特定的职位或者工作类型, 也没有排序 最开始的时候这只是我自己的问题列表, 但是慢慢地添加了一些我觉得可能让我对这家公司亮红牌的问题。 我也注意到被我面试的人提问我的问题太少了, 感觉他们挺浪费机会的。

英文原文我放到文章最后。

预期使用方式

检查一下哪些问题你感兴趣

检查一下哪些是你可以自己在网上找到答案的

找不到的话就向面试官提问

绝对不要想把这个列表里的每个问题都问一遍。

请记住事情总是灵活的,组织的结构调整也会经常发生。 拥有一个 bug 追踪系统并不会保证高效处理 bug。CI/CD (持续集成系统) 也不一定保证交付时间会很短。

职责

On-call (电话值班)的计划或者规定是什么?值班或者遇到问题加班时候有加班费吗?

我的日常工作是什么?

团队里面初级和高级工程师的比例是多少?(有计划改变吗)

入职培训会是什么样的?

自己单独的开发活动和按部就班工作的比例大概是怎样的?

每天预期/核心工作时间是多少小时?

在你看来,这个工作做到什么程度算成功?

我入职的岗位是新增还是接替之前离职的同事?(是否有技术债需要还)?(zh)

入职之后在哪个项目组,项目是新成立还是已有的?(zh)

技术

公司常用的技术栈是什么?

你们怎么使用源码控制系统?

你们怎么测试代码?

你们怎么追踪 bug?

你们怎么集成和部署代码改动?是使用持续集成和持续部署吗?

你们的基础设施搭建方法在版本管理系统里吗?或者是代码化的吗?

从计划到完成一项任务的工作流是什么样的?

你们如何准备故障恢复?

有标准的开发环境吗?是强制的吗?

你们需要花费多长时间来给产品搭建一个本地测试环境?(分钟/小时/天)

你们需要花费多长时间来响应代码或者依赖中的安全问题?

所有的开发者都可以使用他们电脑的本地管理员权限吗?

公司是否有技术分享交流活动?有的话,多久一次呢?(zh)

团队

工作是怎么组织的?

团队内/团队间的交流通常是怎样的?

如果遇到不同的意见怎样处理?

谁来设定优先级 / 计划?

如果被退回了会怎样?(“这个在预计的时间内做不完”)

每周都会开什么类型的会议?

产品/服务的规划是什么样的?(n周一发布 / 持续部署 / 多个发布流 / ...)

生产环境发生事故了怎么办?是否有不批评人而分析问题的文化?

有没有一些团队正在经历还尚待解决的挑战?

公司技术团队的架构和人员组成?(zh)

公司

有没有会议/旅行预算?使用的规定是什么?

晋升流程是怎样的?要求/预期是怎样沟通的?

技术和管理两条职业路径是分开的吗?

对于多元化招聘的现状或者观点是什么?

有公司级别的学习资源吗?比如电子书订阅或者在线课程?

有获取证书的预算吗?

公司的成熟度如何?(早期寻找方向 / 有内容的工作 / 维护中 / ...)

我可以为开源项目做贡献吗?是否需要审批?

有竞业限制或者保密协议需要签吗?

你们认为公司文化中的空白是什么?

能够跟我说一公司处于不良情况,以及如何处理的故事吗?

商业

你们现在盈利吗?

如果没有的话,还需要多久?

公司的资金来源是什么?谁影响或者指定高层计划或方向?

你们如何挣钱?

什么阻止了你们挣更多的钱?

你们认为什么是你们的竞争优势?

远程工作

远程工作和办公室工作的比例是多少?

公司提供硬件吗?更新计划如何?

额外的附件和家居可以通过公司购买吗?这方面是否有预算?

有共享办公或者上网的预算吗?

多久需要去一次办公室?

公司的会议室是否一直为视频会议准备着?

办公室工作

办公室的布局如何?(开放的 / 小隔间 / 独立办公室)

有没有支持/市场/或者其他需要大量打电话的团队在我的团队旁边办公?

待遇

如果有奖金计划的话,奖金如何分配?

如果有奖金计划的话,过去的几年里通常会发百分之多少的奖金?

有五险一金或者其他退休养老金等福利吗?如果有的话,公司有配套的商业保险吗?

带薪休假

带薪休假时间有多久?

病假和事假是分开的还是一起算?

我可以提前使用假期时间吗?也就是说应休假期是负的?

假期的更新策略是什么样的?也就是说未休的假期能否滚入下一周期

照顾小孩的政策如何?

无薪休假政策是什么样的?


以下是英文原文:

Reverse interview

This is a list of questions which may be interesting to a tech job applicant. The points are not ordered and many may not apply to a given position, or work type. It was started as my personal list of questions, which grew over time to include both things I'd like to see more of and red flags which I'd like to avoid. I've also noticed how few questions were asked by people I interviewed and I think those were missed opportunities.

If you asked something not listed here, send in a PR.

Expected usage

Check which questions are interesting for you specifically

Check which answers you can find yourself online

Otherwise ask

Definitely don't try to ask everything from the list. (Respect the interviewer's time and show initiative by finding answers on your own if they're already published)

Remember that things tend to be fluid, re-organizations happens often. Having a bug tracking system doesn't make bug handling efficient and CI/CD doesn't mean your time to deliver is necessarily short.

The Role

What's the on-call plan/schedule? (what's the pay for standby and call-out)

What are the tasks I would do on a usual day?

What's the junior/senior balance of the team? (and are there plans to change it)

What does the onboarding look like?

How much freedom for decision making do individual developers have?

What are the expected/core work hours?

What is your definition of success for this role?

Do you have any concerns about my application?

Tell me about who I would be working most closely with.

What management style does my immediate manager and their manager have? (from micro- to macro-)

Tech

What are the usual stacks used at the company?

How do you use source control?

How do you test code?

How do you track bugs?

How do you integrate and deploy changes? Is it CI/CD?

Is your infrastructure setup under version control / available as code?

What's the workflow from the planning to the finished task?

How do you prepare for disaster recovery?

Is there a standardised development environment? Is it enforced?

How quickly can you setup a new local test environment for the product? (minutes / hours / days)

How quickly can you respond to security issues in the code or dependencies?

Are all developers allowed to have local admin access of their computers?

Tell me about your technical principles or vision.

Do you have a developer documentation for your code? Do you have a separate documentation for customers?

Do you employ static code analysis?

How do you manage internal / external artifacts?

How do you manage dependencies?

The Team

How is the work organised?

How does the intra/inter-team communication typically work?

Do you use any tools for project organization? What is your experience with them?

How are differences of opinions resolved?

Who sets the priorities / schedule?

What happens after pushback? ("this can't be done in the projected time")

What happens when the team misses a release target?

What kind of meetings happen every week?

What's the product/service schedule? (n-weekly releases / continuous deployment / multiple release streams / ...)

What happens after production incidents? Is there a culture of blameless analysis?

What are some ongoing challenges the team is experiencing that you are yet to resolve?

How do you track progress?

How are expectations and goals set, and who does the setting?

What does a code review look like here?

Walk me through a typical sprint on this team

How do you balance technical vs business goals?

Your Potential Coworkers

Who do developers tend to learn from?

What do you like best about working there?

What do you like least?

What would you change if you could?

How long has the longest team member been there?

The Company

Is there a conference/travel budget and what are the rules to use it?

What's the promotion process? How are requirements / expectations communicated?

What is the performance review process like?

Is there a separate tech and management career path?

What's the status of / view on diverse hiring?

Are there any company-wide resources for learning available, like ebooks subscriptions, or online courses?

Is there a budget for getting certifications?

What's the maturity stage? (early finding direction / feature work / maintenance / ...)

Can I contribute to FOSS projects? Are there any approvals needed?

Are there any non-compete or non-disclosure agreements I'll be asked to sign?

Where do you see the company in the next 5/10 years?

What do you think are the gaps in the company culture?

What does clean code mean to the majority of developers here?

When is the last time you noticed someone growing here, and in what way were they growing?

What does it mean to be successful here, and how do you measure success?

What does work-life balance mean here?

Conflict

How are differences of opinions resolved?

What happens after pushback? ("this can't be done in the projected time")

What happens when the team is under pressure and commits to work over their capacity / velocity?

If someone identifies areas of improvement in process / technology / etc, what happens?

When there is a gap between expectations from management and performance of an engineer or team, what happens?

Could you tell me a story about a toxic situation and how the company dealt with it?

The Business

Are you profitable?

If not, how long is your runway?

Where does the funding come from and who influences the high level plan/direction?

How do you make money?

What's preventing you from making more money?

What is the company's growth plan for the next 1 year? 5 years?

What are the big challenges you see coming up?

What have you identified as your competitive advantage?

Remote Work

What's the ratio of remote to office workers?

Does the company provide hardware and what's the refresh schedule?

How do you feel about BYOD? Are there any policies around it already?

Are extra accessories/furniture possible to buy through the company? Is there a budget for them?

Is there a budget for co-working space or internet access?

How often are office visits expected?

Are the office meeting rooms always prepared for video conferences?

Building Layout

What's the office layout? (open plan / cubicles / offices)

Is there a support / marketing / other call-heavy team close to my new team?

Catch all

What's the best and what's the worst aspect of working in this role / team / company?

Compensation

If you have a bonus scheme, then how are bonuses determined?

If you have a bonus scheme, then what have been the typical bonus percentages over the past few years?

Do you have a 401k or other retirement plan? If so, is there a company match to plan contributions?

Are there medical benefits and if so, when do they start?

Time Off

How much Paid Time Off (PTO) is offered?

Are sick time and vacation time separate or do they come from the same pool?

Can I use vacation time before it's accrued, effectively going into a negative PTO balance?

What is the roll over policy is there for PTO?

What is the parental leave policy?

What is the policy on unpaid leave?

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